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【双语课堂】工作条件影响饮食习惯
2010-09-13 10:07 丁香园 苹果嘿嘿  发布范围:公开
Work Conditions Impact Parents' Food Choices  
工作条件影响饮食习惯

ScienceDaily (Sep. 15, 2009) — Since most parents in the US are employed, there are competing demands on their time that can compromise food choices for themselves and their children. How parents cope with these demands and how work conditions are
related to food choice coping strategies are the subjects of a study in the September/October issue of the Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior.
在美国大部分人工作以后,对于时间的竞争需求让他们不得不对自己和孩子的食物选择让步。父母如何应对这些要求和工作条件如何与饮食选择应对策略相关联,是营养教育与行为学杂志9/10月刊的主题。

Findings suggest that better work conditions may be associated with more positive
strategies such as more home-prepared meals, eating with the family, keeping healthful food at work, and less meal skipping.
有研究发现更好的工作条件可能与更加积极的应对策略有关,例如家里做的饭菜,和家人一起吃饭,工作时吃健康的食物,不错过就餐。

Researchers from Cornell University measured food choice coping strategies in low- to middle-income families in five categories: (1) food prepared at/away from home; (2) missing meals; (3) individualizing meals (family eats differently, separately, or together); (4) speeding up to save time; and (5) planning. A three-part telephone survey of 25 employed mothers and 25 employed fathers or guardians from 3 racial/ethnic groups was used to evaluate food choice strategies.
康奈尔大学的研究者从5个方面调查了低收入和中收入家庭的饮食选择:1,是否在家里准备食物;2,是否有时不吃饭;是否针对家庭成员做不同的饭(家庭成员吃的不一样,分开吃还是一起吃);4,是否吃的很快以节省时间;5,是否制定饮食计划。由来自3个不同种族/族裔的25个有职业的母亲,25个有职业个父亲或监护人的电话调查,这三部分组成被用于评价食物选择的情况。

Half or more of respondents often/sometimes used 12 of 22 food choice coping strategies and there were gender differences in the use of these strategies. Fathers who worked long hours or had nonstandard hours and schedules were more likely to use take-out meals, miss family meals, purchase prepared entrees, and eat while working. Mothers purchased restaurant meals or prepared entrees or missed breakfast. Job security,
satisfaction, and food access were also associated with gender-specific strategies. About a quarter of mothers and fathers said they did not have access to healthful, reasonably priced, and/or good-tasting food at or near work.
一半或者一半多人受访者经常或者有时使用22个食物选择应对策略中的12种,在这些选择存在这性别差异。工作时间长或者工作时间不固定的父亲疯喜欢叫外卖,不吃饭,买快餐或者边吃边工作。母亲则更喜欢在餐馆吃饭,准备主菜或错过早餐。工作安全性,满意度以及食物获取途径都与这种性别差异有关。大约有四分之一的妈妈和爸爸说他们没法在工作地点附近获得健康的、价格合理的和/或者美味的食物。

Writing in the article, Carol M. Devine, PhD, RD, Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, and colleagues state, "This study examined how work conditions are related to the food choice coping strategies of low- and moderate-income parents.
康奈尔大学营养科学部RD公共卫生博士Carol M. Devine和他的同事在文章中写道:“本研究调查了在低收入和中等收入人群中工作条件是如何与食物选择相联系的。”

Study findings will enhance understanding of social and temporal employment constraints on adults' food choices and may inform workplace interventions and policies…The importance of work structure for employed parents' food choice strategies is seen in the
associations between work hours and schedule and food choice coping strategies, such as meals away from home and missed family meals.
调查结果将有助于了解对社会和当前的职业限制对成年人食物选择的影响,可以促进对工作场所的干预措施和政策。对就业的父母来说,其食物选择的重要性在于工作时间和日程表以及食物选择之间的联系,例如外出用餐,错过家庭餐

Long work hours and irregular schedules mean more time away from family, less time for household food work, difficulty in maintaining a regular meal pattern, and less opportunity to participate in family meals; this situation may result in feelings of time scarcity, fatigue, and strain that leave parents with less personal energy for food and meals."
长时间的工作和不规律的时间表意味着更长时间远离家庭,更少时间做家庭餐,更难维持规律的就餐模式,更少的机会去参与家庭餐。这种情况可能导致时间不足,疲惫,劳碌以至于更加没有精力去准备食物和膳食而离父母越来越远。

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